One of the most common causes of FMLA leave is Parental Leave, of which there are three different kinds:
Maternity — Paid or unpaid depending on the company, leave for new birth mothers is protected by FMLA for eligible employees for up to 12 weeks of unpaid time off. Many companies are offering paid leave programs that apply during otherwise unpaid FMLA leaves.
Paternity — Leave for new fathers is also covered by FMLA for eligible employees for up to 12 weeks of unpaid time off. However, some companies are also beginning to match their paid maternity leave offerings to be attractive to younger employees looking for extra benefits.
Adoption — Eligible employees can take FMLA leave for adoption or foster care and may even take this leave before the actual placement of a child as long as the event meets the requirements of the FMLA.